Franklin D. Edmondson, MCR
Commissioner of the Revenue
City Hall Building
801 Crawford Street
Portsmouth, VA. 23704
Office of the Commissioner
of The Revenue
FAQ - State Income
1. What is the function of the local
Commissioner of the Revenue's Office in the processing of state
individual income tax returns?
The main function is to screen, review, and process all incoming
tax returns. A local filing helps to ensure that the return will
be accurate, in composition and mathematics, before being sent
to the Department of Taxation in Richmond.
Upon receipt, locally filed tax returns are processed and immediately entered on the Commissioner's Office computer system, allowing quick access for inquiries and the ability to send it back to the taxpayer for correction if necessary. An automated tracking system enables us to quickly inform the citizen at what stage of processing their return is located. All accelerated refunds are processed daily through an on-line computer link with the Virginia Department of Taxation. Tax due payments and initial estimated income tax payments are posted and transmitted to the Portsmouth Treasurer for deposit.
Accessibility is another advantage of locally filed returns.
Besides the greater speed in processing of a taxpayer's return,
filing locally makes it more convenient for our staff to
personally interact with the citizen or tax preparer to correct
any errors that have been made. If citizens do not receive their
state income tax refunds within an expected time frame, they can
contact their local Commissioner's office and speak with a
trained staff member regarding the delay. Advice can be rendered
as to how best to correct any problems and speed the refund
along. Long-distance telephone calls to Richmond do not have to
Last year, approximately 37,000 state income tax returns were filed locally. Over 11,000 citizens were assisted with their questions and over 1,900 state income tax returns were prepared upon request at no charge.
2. What is the deadline to file my Virginia Income Tax
You should file your return by May 1. If the due date falls on a
Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, you may file your return on
the next business day.
If you are unable to file your return by the May 1 deadline, an automatic six month extension through November 1 is allowed for individual returns. The extension provisions do not apply to the payment of any tax due. If you expect to owe any tax, you must file an extension form and pay at least 90% of the tax liability by May 1.
3 What is an Accelerated Refund?
The accelerated refund program was developed to allow Virginia
residents to receive their refunds faster. If you filed a
Virginia Resident Return in the previous tax year, and your
name, address, social security number, and filing status are the
same as in the previous tax year, you qualify to request the
accelerated refund by checking the appropriate block on your
return. Accelerated refunds are made payable to the person, or
persons whose name or names were on the previous year's return,
and mailed to the address shown on the previous year's return.
These refunds are issued before all computations on your return
are verified. Please be aware that you may receive a bill with
interest, or an additional refund at a later date, if errors are
4. Do I need to file a return?
Virginia individual income tax applies to income received from all sources for Residents and Virginia sources for Nonresident individuals. A return must be filed if you received Virginia source income, and meet the following general requirements: 1.) are required to file a federal income tax return; 2.) are single with income in excess of $11,650; or 3.) are married filing jointly with combined income in excess of $23,300; or 4.) are married filing separately with income in excess of $ $11,650.
5. As a member of the Armed Forces, am I required to
file a Virginia return?
If you are domiciled in Virginia, you are liable for income tax
on your active duty military pay as well as any other income
received regardless of whether or not the income was from
Virginia sources. A credit is given for income taxes paid to
most states. You would file on the 760 Resident form. If you are
not a domiciliary resident of Virginia, you are taxed in
Virginia on income from Virginia sources, including income from
property owned or from any business, trade, profession or
occupation carried on during the period you were in Virginia.
You would file on Form 763.
6. What am I required to attach to my Virginia State
Income Tax Return?
Enclose the original Virginia Forms 760, Schedule ADJ and
Do not send photocopies of these forms.
Photocopies of any other supporting documents are acceptable.
Please assemble your return in the following order:
Form 760, Schedule ADJ and Schedule CR, Federal Schedule E and F
(if necessary). Nonresident (Form 763) and Part-Year (Form
760PY) returns must include a complete copy of the Federal Form
1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ, as well as all other required Virginia
You are also required to attach all W-2 and 1099 forms, showing
Virginia tax withheld with a single staple at the left center of
page 1 of the return.
7. What is the rate for Virginia individual income
If your Virginia taxable income is not over $3,000, the tax is
2% of your Virginia taxable income. If your income is higher,
the following rates apply:
$ 60 + 3%
$120 + 5%
$ 720 + 5.75%
8. Is there a penalty if I file late?
No Penalty is assessed when a refund
There are two types of penalty: Late Filing
Penalty and Extension Penalty. You would owe a penalty for late
filing if your return shows a balance due and the return was
filed after the due date. This penalty would be 6% per month or
portion of the month the return is late. If you submitted an
extension to file, and the tax owed when filed exceeds the tax
liability by 10%, a penalty for understating the tentative tax
on your extension request will be added at the rate of 2 percent
per month, or part of the month from the date of filing or
extension due date, whichever comes first.
9. Would I also owe interest if I am filing late?
Whether you filed with or without an extension, interest would
be accrued from the filing due date, through the date the return
is filed. Interest is calculated on the balance due at a daily
rate, established in accordance with Section 58.1-15 of the Code
of Virginia. The daily rate is usually 2% over the Federal
"underpayment rate". With on-line computer access to the
Department of Taxation in Richmond, the Commissioner of the
Revenue's Office is able to calculate penalty and interest owed
on current and prior year returns.
10. Who is a resident?
There are two classes of residents: domiciliary and actual.
Domiciliary residents are those whose legal domicile is
Virginia. Most domiciliary residents actually live in Virginia.
Actual residents are those who have their place of abode in
Virginia for more than 183 days of the taxable year, even though
their domiciliary residence is in another state or country (this
usually pertains to students, and spouses of military
personnel). Domiciliary and actual residents for the full year
file on Form 760.
11. Who is a Part-year resident?
If you moved into Virginia and became a resident during the
taxable year, you are taxed as a resident for only that part of
the year you were a resident. If you moved out of Virginia and
became a legal resident of another state on or before the last
day of the taxable year, you are taxable as a Virginia resident
for only that part of the year you were a resident of Virginia.
Part-year residents file on Form 760PY. If all of the
individual's income is from Virginia sources, he or she may
elect to file as a full-year resident on Form 760.
12. Who is a Nonresident?
If you are neither a domiciliary nor an actual resident, then
you are taxable as a nonresident on any income you received from
labor performed, business done, or property located in Virginia.
If you were a domiciliary or actual resident of Virginia during
a part of the taxable year and taxed as a Part-year resident,
you are still liable as a nonresident for any Virginia source
income derived from property owned or from any business, trade,
profession or occupation carried on during the period you were
not a resident of Virginia. Nonresidents file on Form 763.
13. What is Estimated Tax?
If you have income from sources other than wages, on which
Virginia income tax is not withheld and your estimated Virginia
tax liability exceeds your tax credits by more than $150, you
must file and pay Estimated Taxes Quarterly on Form 760ES. At
least 90% of your tax liability for the year must be paid by
withholding and/or timely installment payments of estimated
taxes. The due dates for Virginia Estimated tax payments are May
1st, June 15th, September 15th, and January 15th of the
following tax year.
14. What tax breaks are available to Taxpayers who are
65 and over?
Individuals who are age 65 or over may claim an age deduction,
and will receive a $12,000 deduction subject to income
15. If I need income tax forms or assistance who would I
Available at the local Commissioner of the Revenue's Office are tax forms as well as a trained staff to assist you with any questions you may have about filing. In addition, by bringing a copy of your completed federal income tax return and W-2s, you can receive free assistance in preparing your state income tax return. The local staff can answer questions and serve as a liaison for Portsmouth citizens having problems dealing with correspondence received from the Virginia Department of Taxation.