Project Flooding Types

Types Of Flooding And Coastal Hazards Addressed:

The project will assess and address risks stemming from a range of flood-related hazards. Although this project is focused on flood risks, the solutions will seek to provide broader climate impact benefits.

FRS Flood Street Hazard Chart

Storm surge flooding: Coastal storms can create flooding due to surges. A surge is a rise in normal water levels due to storm pressure, wind, and waves. Storm surges can also cause coastal erosion, the collapse or gradual wearing away of soil and sand.

High Tide flooding: During certain times of the year, local sea levels can rise above the level of the shoreline and above normal tide levels, resulting in flooding of low-lying areas, even during sunny day conditions. Everyday tidal conditions can also contribute to the gradual erosion of unprotected shorelines.

Rainfall flooding: Low-lying areas along waterways and inland can flood due to heavy rainstorms that overwhelm sewers and drains. This type of flooding is also known as stormwater flooding.

Sea level rise: Sea level rise is an increase in the ocean’s surface height. Sea level rise can make the impacts of flood hazards worse.


This project received funding from the Virginia Community Flood Preparedness Fund Grant Program through the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR), via CFPF-21-01-17-S.

FRS Flood Street DCR Logo